Concept

Climate change will have a drastic impact on water resources, water demands and their respective temporal and spatial resolutions. It is therefore clear that a solid assessment of anticipated climate change, its impacts and potential adaptation strategies is needed to guide future development stategies. Such an analysis is needed for existing systems as well as planned investments.

Originally the name Climate Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (CRVA) was used. However, since vulnerability is part of risk, it is more common to use the term Climate Risk Assessment (CRA). There is no standardized CRA methodology as CRAs are still relatively new and, moreover, always project specific. A more recent development is to make a distinction between climate scenario driven impact assessment approaches, often referred to as “top-down” and vulnerability-oriented approaches called “bottom-up.” FutureWater is an important player in developing and analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of both methods and opportunities to merge the two. FutureWater is also very active in developing and applying a more quantitative CRA approach in combination with the classical risk and exposure framework.

FutureWater applications

FutureWater has been very active in undertaking Climate Risk Assessments (CRA) for potential investment projects. At the same time is FutureWater actively involved in developing and refining CRA approaches in collaboration with large investors such as World Bank and Asian Development Bank.

Related projects

  • eLearning on Hydrology and Climate Change for Hydropower Professionals

    Hydropower production in Indonesia is the main renewable energy source in the country. There is a potential to double the capacity by building new hydropower plants and to optimize current plants. PLN is the main hydropower company in the country. The project aims at enhancing the capacity of its staff…

  • Climate Risk Assessment of Irrigation and Drainage Modernization Projects

    The ADB supports Tajikistan in modernizing tow Irrigation and Drainage projects in the Lower Vaksh river basin in Tajikistan. A holistic feasibility study and project design for the system (38,000 ha), as well as advanced designs and bidding documents for selected works are prepared. FutureWater prepares the Climate Risk and…

  • Transboundary water management between Thailand and Cambodia

    Transboundary projects aid the development of effective water resource management (WRM) by helping to limit competition over resources and in creating a dialogue for the transferral of beneficial lessons between the countries. This project takes an integrated approach to support the development of a water resource management plan for a…

  • Climate Adaptive Water Resources Management in Uzbekistan

    The project undertakes a long-term and knowledge-based approach to deliver climate adaptive solutions for water resources management in Uzbekistan. The purpose is to modernize outdated irrigation and drainage systems that are currently highly vulnerable to climate change and to changes in inter-state agreements on water resources sharing. For two areas,…

  • Supporting Ambitious Climate Action in Central Asia

    This project aimed to support Armenia, Georgia and Uzbekistan in targeting their Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) spending to help adapt to the impacts of Climate Change at three spatial levels: National, Provincial and Urban. This involved performing detailed assessments of past and future climate trends and assessing climate related risk…

  • Climate Risk Assessment East-West Highway Road Project, Georgia

    The government of Georgia has requested the assistance of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to improve the Shorapani–Argveta Road Section F4 of the E60 East-West Highway. The proposed section improvement requires the construction of 12 tunnels (6 double tubes), 14 bridges, 4 interchanges and several deep cuttings and high embankments…

  • Climate Risk Assessment CAREC Road Project, Tajikistan

    The Obigarm–Nurobod road section of the existing M41 highway, which carries about 3000 vehicles per day, will be inundated once the Rogun HPP reservoir has filled to operating levels. The government of Tajikistan has requested the assistance of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to construct a 72 km long road…

  • Climate Risk Assessment Energy Distribution Network Modernization Program, Uzbekistan

    In consultation with ADB and the project engineers, a rapid climate change assessment for the proposed investment program has been carried out so that the findings of the assessment can be integrated in the project design. The climate assessment focuses on the following issues: (i) screening of natural hazards in…

  • Climate Risk Assessment North-South Corridor Road Project, Georgia

    The government of Georgia has requested the assistance of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) to progressively improve the North–South Corridor by (i) constructing a 23-km two-lane bypass road, (ii) providing adequate safety features and improving geometric alignment and (iii) providing well-designed…

  • Glacio-hydrological assessment for hydropower, Mestiachala river, Georgia

    The objective of this project was to develop a hydrological assessment for two potential hydropower plant locations in the Mestiachala basin in Georgia. The availability of observed river discharge data is limited. Hence the assessment was developed based on hydrological simulations of the basin using the SPHY model (Terink et…

  • Application of the Decision Tree Framework in the Chancay-Lambayeque Basin, Peru

    The Chancay-Lambayeque watershed faces the challenges of rapid population growth and economic development in the presence of inadequate water supply, flood risk and environmental degradation. The study applies a step-wise approach, i.e. the World Bank’s Decision Tree Framework (DTF), to identify most important climate and nonclimate vulnerabilities for the system…

  • Supporting Adaptation Decision Making for Climate-Resilient Investments in Asia

    The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is planning to scale-up its investments in climate change adaptation in Asia and the Pacific. FutureWater is asked to support this by developing a “Good Practice Guidance” on climate-resilient infrastructure design in the water sector.

  • Climate Risk Assessment: Yanji City China

    Jilin Yanji Low-Carbon Climate-Resilient Urban Development in China is supported by the Asian Development Bank. In the context of this investment project FutureWater will undertake a Climate Risk Assessment (CRA). The CRA will be based on the bottom-up approach where climate models (GCMs) are not the guiding boundary conditions, but…

  • Climate Risk Assessment using the Decision Tree Framework

    The novel methodology that is piloted by the World Bank for assessing climate risks versus other risks on water resource projects, called the Decision Tree Framework (DTF), is applied to two two planned investments: (1) flood protection infrastructure and irrigated cropland expansion on the Nzoia river, Kenya; and (2) the…

  • Climate Projections and Risk Assessment for eThekwini Municipality

    C40 is supporting a small set of pilot cities develop and update their climate action planning (mitigation and adaptation) to ensure it meets 1.5°C Paris agreement level of ambition. The City of Durban (eThekwini Municipality) is one of the cities participating in the pilot. Climate Adapatation Services and FutureWater together…

  • Building Climate Change Resilience in Asia’s Critical Infrastructure

    Critical infrastructure in South Asia and Southeast Asia needs to become more resilient to climate change. A Technical Assistance project, supported by Asian Development Bank (ADB), looks at three key sectors: transportation, transport and water. FutureWater is responsible for the assessment of the water sector which will aim to increase…

  • Climate Risk and Vulnerability Assessment of Irrigation in Kazakhstan

    The government of Kazakhstan with financial support of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) is planning to upgrade and rehabilitate its irrigation sector. A detailed Climate Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (CRVA) has been undertaken by a consortium led by FutureWater in 2017. The team collected all available data on the project…

  • Climate Resilient Water Supply System for Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan is upgrading and further developing its domestic water supply system in the western part of the country (Republic of Karakalpakstan). Tthe water supply system must be full climate proof in design and operations. The Green Climate Fund (through the Asian Development Bank) will be asked to finance the climate…

  • The impacts of 1.5 °C global temperature increase

    Global warming is considered as one of the major threats for the world’s population and coping with it may be one of the largest challenges for this century. The “Paris Agreement”, signed in 2015, agreed on “a long-term goal of keeping the increase in global average temperature to well below…

  • Review Climate Change Hindu-Kush-Himalaya

    FutureWater provided a comprehensive review study on climate change and the impacts on cryosphere, hydrological regimes and glacier lakes in the Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra river basins. This review study was done in the context of future hydropower development in the region.

  • Central Asia Regional Risk Assessment for Water Related Energy Sector Impacts

    The objective of this study was to support the “Central Asia Regional Energy Sector Vulnerability Study” led by Industrial Economics (IEc) and funded by the World Bank, by carrying out an expanded risk assessment for water availability and water related energy sector impacts in Central Asia. The work built on…

  • Climate change indicators for Mekong River Commission

    With this study, the Climate Change Adaptation Initiative (CCAI) of the Mekong River Commission (MRC) offers a review of existing monitoring systems and indicators of climate change to improve the understanding of riparian governments, relevant line agencies and others on the status and impacts of climate change. The report should…

  • Addressing Climate Vulnerability of Africa’s Infrastructure

    Climate change is expected to have important implications of the cost, design standards and location of Africa's infrastructure projects. Since what climate will actually occur will remain largely uncertain in the foreseeable future, the challenge is to develop decision making frameworks capable of leading to investment decisions that are “desirable”…

  • Mainstream climate change adaptation and mitigation into agriculture in the Southern Caucasus

    This study contributes to the agriculture sector climate change impact assessment and adaptation and mitigation strategy identification and evaluation. The study encompasses the three countries of the Southern Caucasus region: Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. The project also includes components for capacity building among in-country staff, and support of the World…

  • Adaptation to Climate Change for Agriculture in The Gambia

    Methodology Development of adaptation benefit-cost framework: The framework was developed in a manner to make it possible to isolate development- and climate-related benefits and costs of individual projects and to assess the sensitivity of adaptation benefits and costs to the uncertainty inherent in regional climate change scenarios. Development of analytical tools and procedures: The project...